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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 255-260

Pregnancy-associated glycoproteins as a potential marker for diagnosis of early pregnancy in goats: A scoping reviewing


1 Department of Biotechnology, GLA (Ganeshi Lal Agrawal Charitable Trust) University, P.O. Chaumuhan; Animal Physiology and Reproduction Division, ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Goats, Makhdoom, Farah, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, 281122, India
2 Animal Physiology and Reproduction Division, ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Goats, Makhdoom, Farah, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, 281122, India
3 Department of Biotechnology, GLA (Ganeshi Lal Agrawal Charitable Trust) University, P.O. Chaumuhan, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, 281406, India

Correspondence Address:
Alok Bharadwaj
Department of Biotechnology, GLA (Ganeshi Lal Agrawal Charitable Trust) University, P.O. Chaumuhan, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, 281406
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2305-0500.298772

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Early diagnosis of pregnancy plays an important role to minimize reproductive losses in farm animals. There are several methods for pregnancy diagnosis like profiling of reproductive hormones (such as progesterone and estrone sulfate), but sometimes they provide false-positive results. Embryo specific pregnancy markers, which delineate the presence and viability of the embryo, are considered as perfect for pregnancy determination. Pregnancy-associated glycoproteins are distinguished as the best indicator for the determination of early pregnancy, fetal number, and birth weight of kids. Pregnancy-associated glycoproteins are structurally correlated to aspartic proteinase and are communicated in the external epithelial cell layer of the placenta. They have been found to share about half amino acid sequence identity with pepsinogen, pepsin, cathepsin D and E. Dislike different individuals from aspartic proteinase family, numerous pregnancy-associated glycoproteins appear to be latent compound as a result of amino acid substitutions in and around the catalytic site. This review is to discuss the scope and prospects of pregnancy-associated glycoproteins as a pregnancy marker in farm animals, more specifically in goats.


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